The original historical justification for the EU was the belief that, in the absence of shared or even world government, conditions of scarcity would inevitably lead states into horrific resource wars. To some extent a similar concern generated American federalism. The old view now seems rather paranoid, though understandably so. The modern conception seems to be that peace is the general condition between liberal, developed, democratic societies, not the exception. The EU’s Nobel Peace Prize looks to me like an endorsement of the old, incorrect understanding. Why not give the award to “Democracy” or “Capitalism” instead? How about to mutually assured destruction? Or just to fragile economic complexity and the modern futility of acquisitive warfare?